GPU, it stands for Graphics Processing Unit. It processes all the graphics on your system while you are playing video games, all the animations we see on apps, movie playback, video playback. A more powerful GPU will result in better animation and graphics. Topics to be discussed in the article are:
- GPU in Mobile phones
- Mobile GPU comparison
- Mobile GPU types
- Mobile GPU ranking 2020
- GPU in computer
GPU in Mobile Phones
GPU is present on the mobile SOCs (System on Chip) along with CPU, wifi, Bluetooth, IPU, etc. They are so placed and connected for better processing and output speed.
Mobile GPU Types
Adreno is the name of the GPU series developed by Qualcomm for use in their SOCs. Companies like Xiaomi, LG, some phones of Samsung use Adreno GPUs. Adreno performance is higher than in Mali. Thus, in Snapdragon 625, processing power of Adreno 506 is about 130 Gflops(Billion Floating Point Operations per second), while its rival MTK Helio P10 with Mali T860 Mp2 has the processing power of 47 Gflops. Adreno has a larger set of API (software developer tools) and their newer version. Due to lower clock frequency and multiple processors, Adreno GPUs are more powerful and less likely to overheat.
Mali is the GPU series maintained by ARM technology, they are used by most of the chipmakers such as MediaTek, Samsung, Spreadtrum, and Nvidia. Chipsets of Mali are cheaper than other chipsets which makes them suitable for most budget oriented smartphones. Mali GPU’s have higher clock speed than most of the Adreno GPU’s even in the top end for example:- Snapdragon 625 has Adreno 506 GPU whose clock speed is 650 Mhz while in the same segment Mali-T880 offers a clock speed of 850 MHz. Mali GPUs have fewer shader cores than its competitors, that is why top-end games failed to play efficiently on Mali GPUs. Mali GPUs have limited configuration for example:- Mali T720 MP2 contains two cores and in the same price, other GPUs have a better configuration. Due to the high clock frequency, Mali GPUs are more vulnerable to overheating.
PowerVR is the division of Imagination Technologies that build software and Hardware for different devices. PowerVR GPUs were used in Apple 4 mobile phones and in MediaTek Helio P90, Apple A9 processor had PowerVR GT 7600 in it. Along with mobile phones, PowerVR chips are used in set-top boxes, Smart TVs, even in the car infotainment system. Imagination builds their GPU on two types of architecture the first is Rogue architecture which is mainly used in their chips since 2012, and the other is Furion architecture.
Apple designed its own GPU architecture and used them in A11 Bionic and A12 Bionic. Performance wise the GPUs are doing very good.
To read more about these GPU types follow their official site.
Also read: Comparison of Mobile Processors
Factors that Influence GPU Performance
The major factors that determine the performance of a Mobile GPU are:-.
1) GPU Architecture and Fabrication Process
With the technical advancement, it is quite obvious that a GPU with a new architecture is tested to perform better.
In a Mali GPU, the number just next to Mali corresponds to the particular architecture or design it is using. For example, in “Mali-G76 MP10”, G76 is the name of the architecture and as of 2018, it is the most powerful GPU ARM has ever designed.
A better fabrication process leads to better and efficient performance.
2) GPU Clock Frequency
The higher the GPU frequency, the better will be the performance of the GPU.
3) Number of Cores/Processing Units
In Mali GPUs, the number cores are the same as the number written in their codename just after MP. For example, Mali-G72 MP18 has 18 cores. Apple and Qualcomm do not reveal the number of cores in their GPU.
Two GPUs with the same architecture but a different number of cores can have a significant impact on the performance.
Also read: What’s new in Android 10?
Mobile GPU Ranking 2020
Rankings in decreasing order of processors and their GPUs.
|A13 Bionic (Custom GPU)||A13 Bionic|
|A12 Bionic (Custom GPU)||A12 Bionic|
|Adreno 650||Snapdragon 865|
|Mali-G77 MP11||Exynos 990|
|Adreno 640||Snapdragon 855+|
|Adreno 640||Snapdragon 855|
|Mali-G76 MP16||Kirin 990|
|Mali-G76 MP12||Exynos 9825|
|Mali-G76 MP12||Exynos 9820|
|Adreno 630||Snapdragon 845|
|A11 Bionic (Custom GPU)||A11 Bionic|
|Mali-G72 MP18||Exynos 9810|
|Mali G76 MP10||Kirin 980|
|Mali G71 MP20||Exynos 8895|
|Adreno 540||Snapdragon 835|
|Adreno 620||Snapdragon 765G|
|Mali G72 MP12||Kirin 970|
|Mali G72 MP12||Kirin 810|
|Adreno 618||Snapdragon 730G |
|Mali-G76 MC4||Helio G90T|
|Mali-G76 MC4||Helio G90|
|Mali G72 MP12||Kirin 970|
|IMG PowerVR GM 9446 GPU||Helio P95|
|IMG PowerVR GM 9446 GPU||Helio P90|
|Adreno 618||Snapdragon 730|
|Adreno 616||Snapdragon 712|
|Adreno 616||Snapdragon 710|
|Adreno 615||Snapdragon 670|
|Mali G72 MP3||Exynos 9611|
|Mali G72 MP3||Exynos 9610|
|Mali G72 MP3||Exynos 9609|
|Adreno 612||Snapdragon 675|
|Mali-G52 MC2||Helio G70|
|Adreno 512||Snapdragon 660|
|PowerVR 7XTP-MT4||Helio X30|
|Mali G51||Kirin 710|
|Mali G72 MP3||Helio P70|
|Mali G72 MP3||Helio P60|
|Adreno 509||Snapdragon 636|
|Mali G71 MP2||Exynos 7885|
|Adreno 508||Snapdragon 630|
|Mali T830 MP3||Exynos 7880|
|Mali G71 MP2||Exynos 7904|
|Mali G71 MP2||Helio P30|
|Mali T880 MP2||Helio P25|
|Mali G71 MP2||Helio P23|
|Mali G71 MP1||Exynos 7872|
|Adreno 506||Snapdragon 632|
|Adreno 506||Snapdragon 626|
|Adreno 506||Snapdragon 625|
|Adreno 506||Snapdragon 450|
|Mali T830 MP2||Kirin 659|
|Adreno 505||Snapdragon 439|
|Adreno 505||Snapdragon 435|
|Adreno 505||Snapdragon 430|
|PowerVR GE8320||Helio P35|
|Mali T830 MP1||Exynos 7870|
GPU in Computer/Laptop
GPU plays the same role in the computer and gives you a better experience while playing video games, video editing, video processing, etc. In a PC we have two types of GPU’s the first one is inbuilt and the second is dedicated.
- Inbuilt or Integrated GPU– A GPU unit is present in CPU on the motherboard for processing regular graphics and animations in your computer.
- Dedicated GPU– For more usage and good gaming and animation experience you need a dedicated graphics card along with the inbuilt graphics card.
To know more about GPU in PC Follow the given links
Also read: NVIDIA vs AMD: Performace-Based Comparison
Also read: TITAN RTX VS 2080 TI
Also read: NVIDIA Titan RTX: Performance and Specs
Also read: Intel UHD Graphics 620: Performance Aspects
Also read: NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2080 and 2080 Ti